Classical argument essays pertain to the basic structure of argument essays that is followed when writing essays, editorials and position papers. This type of essay is categorized as classical because it denotes a formal organization and structuring of arguments. The logical presentation of these facts allows the readers to follow the flow of thought and ideas in a systematic manner. The organization is also fashioned in a way where there is smooth transition from one issue to another. These factors affect the influence that the composition can impart to the readers. Classical argument essays typically have five parts: introduction, narration, confirmation, refutation and conclusion.
In the introduction portion, writers should be able to set up the subject of the argumentation to gain the attention and interest of the readers. This is critical because this is the portion where the essay should grasp the curiosity of the readers regarding the topic. Writers can use exordiums or opening statements that can set a positive rhetorical tone to the classical argument essays. The introduction should also be able to establish rapport with its readers and assert the general perspective of the subject. This is also the portion of classical argument essays where the writer can provide the qualification of the subject and establishment of fairness and common ground of the discussion.
The narration part of classical argument essays should follow by presenting the overview of the relevant background information about the subject topic. This is the portion where the writer can relate the exordium to the subject to the essay. Writers should properly delineate the circumstances and situations that point toward their perspective and its impact to the society. This is also the portion where the writer can display the appeals and fallacies surrounding the subject. All of these can help provide the readers a clear understanding about the topic being discussed.
Afterwards, the confirmation part of classical argument essays contains the supporting proofs to the perspective asserted by the writer. This can be referred to as the bulk of the essay because elaboration and the explanation of different substantiations occur in this portion. These proofs are the combination and correlation of facts and figures from authoritative bodies and analyses formulated by the writers. The more compelling the association of these evidences to the assertions, the higher is the persuasive quality that the essay can develop. These evidences are needed to provide backup and reliability to the perspective being pursued by the writer. This portion should be properly outlined to maintain a cohesive flow of thought in the arguments presented.
The refutation portion of classical argument essays contains the contradicting views to the claims presented in the essays and the writer’s response to all of them. This is the part where the writer foresees and addresses possible rebuttals promptly in order to strengthen the claims he is presenting. The writer should evaluate opposing perspectives, identify the advantages and disadvantages, and explain why the proposed plan of action is better than the counter-argument. This should be properly balanced because too much refutation or weak response to the rebuttals can also be detrimental in influencing the readers about the perspective being argued upon. Counter examples are frequently indicated as counter arguments when negating these claims.
Lastly, the conclusion portion of classical argument essays summaries the main arguments and reiterates its impact to the readers. This is the point where the writer emphasizes to the readers what has been proven, what its impact is and what the expected plan of action to achieve this are. This is also the point where the writer elucidates on what they want the reader to do about these claims. Sometimes, writers utilize this portion of the classical argument essays to influence the emotion of its readers in order to initiate response to act on the particular proposal.